Nixon Enemies List entry for
Edmund Muskie:

List and position:First, #8
Name as originally listed:Edmund Muskie
Vitals:3/18/1914 - 3/26/1996
Category given:Senators

- Muskie's inclusion on the List is rarely mentioned, maybe because it's just too obvious.

- supported the Vietnam War under Johnson, but turned against it under Nixon

- was vice presidential candidate in 1968 with Hubert Humphrey.

- Nixon/Agnew won the popular vote over Humphrey/Muskie by only 0.7 percentage points, so Muskie clearly represented a threat to Nixon in 1972.

- was a Democratic front runner in 1972 before one of Nixon's dirtiest tricks leading up to the New Hampshire primary

- The Nixon campaign forged a letter (known as the Cannuck letter) in which Muskie insulted Franco-Americans and got the Manchester (NH) Union Leader to publish it.

- He made an angry speech denouncing the attacks on his (and his wife's) character which got reported as "breaking down." His popularity dropped after that and he quit the race.

- The Cannuck letter incident all took place before Nixon knew that John Dean was keeping the List.

- governor of Maine 1955-1959 before becoming U.S. senator 1959-1980

- Secretary of State for the last year of the Carter administration--his last public service position

- served on destroyer escorts in the Navy in World War II, rising to lieutenant

- awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Carter on January 16, 1981.

- wrote an autobiographical book, Journeys, in 1972

- didn't write many books and, really, none were memorable

- He was not quotable, probably because he was more precise than pithy. He is quoted as saying, "In Maine we have a saying that there's no point in speaking unless you can improve on silence." So, another reason is that he preferred not to speak. But the big problem with that quotation is that he included a pith-killing citation. Lincoln left out the citation when he said, "A house divided against itself cannot stand," and made himself more quotable. Muskie was thorough and, thus, thoroughly unquotable.

- his father was a Polish immigrant who changed his name from Marciszewski.


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